Guide To SEO Checklist in 2024 [+ Free Template]


A Search Engine Optimization (SEO) checklist is essential for anyone looking to improve their website’s visibility and ranking on search engines like Google. By systematically addressing various on-page, technical, and off-page SEO factors, a well-crafted SEO checklist ensures your website is optimized for search engines and users.

It covers crucial elements such as keyword research, content optimization, site speed, mobile-friendliness, and backlink building. A comprehensive SEO checklist helps enhance organic traffic, improve user experience, and achieve better search engine rankings. In this article, we are going to discuss this with you.

On-Page SEO

On-page SEO refers to the practice of optimizing individual web pages to improve their search engine rankings and drive organic traffic. It involves a variety of techniques that focus on both the content and the HTML source code of a page, ensuring that each element is optimized for target keywords and provides a seamless user experience.

Key aspects of on-page SEO include keyword research and placement, meta tags optimization, content quality, internal linking, and URL structure. By effectively implementing on-page SEO strategies, websites can become more relevant and authoritative in the eyes of search engines, ultimately enhancing their visibility and attractiveness to users.

1. Keyword Research

Keyword Research
Keyword Research

Keyword research is an important part of on-page SEO which has to involve the identification of words and phrases that potential visitors will utilize when searching for information related to your website. The process will include the use of tools like Google Keyword Planner, Ahrefs, or SEMrush so that there can be finding in terms of relevant keywords with significant search volume and manageable competition.

Effective keyword research will help you in selecting primary and secondary keywords to target. This is to ensure that content is optimized to meet user search intent. This optimization has to do with integrating these keywords naturally into various on-page elements like title tags, meta descriptions, headings, and body content. Once you do this, you will be able to enhance the website’s visibility and ranking on search engine results pages. 

2. Title Tags

Title Tags
Title Tags

Title tags appear in the search engine results as the clickable headline for a given result. And also, they are important for usability, SEO, and social sharing. Optimizing title tags involves:

  • Incorporating Primary Keywords: You have to include the main keyword towards the beginning of the title so that it will help the search engines understand the content’s relevance.
  • Keeping it Under 60 Characters: This is to ensure that the entire title is displayed in search results without being cut off.
  • Making it Unique and Descriptive: Each page should have a unique title that can specifically describe its content and entice users to click through.
  • Writing Compelling Copy: Make sure that you are crafting titles that attract clicks so that it will improve your site’s click-through rate (CTR), and it can signal search engines that your content is valuable. 

3. Meta Descriptions

Meta Descriptions
Meta Descriptions

 Meta descriptions are short conclusions of web pages that appear under the page title in search engine results. This alone plays a crucial role in on-page SEO by providing a concise description of the page’s content, which helps to entice users to click on the link.

When there is an effective meta description like primary keywords, which are under 160 characters, it will be able to give a compelling reason for users to visit the page. While meta descriptions do not directly influence search rankings, they can make an impact on the click-through rates (CTR), driving more organic traffic to the website. 

4. Headings (H1, H2, H3)


Headings (H1, H2, H3) play a crucial role in on-page SEO by providing structure and organization to your content. Here’s a summary:

  • H1: This is the main heading of the page which is typically used for the title or main topic. It will include the primary keyword and accurately describe the content of the page.
  • H2: Subheadings will be able to break down the main sections of the content. It will include secondary keywords so that it will help readers navigate the page.
  • H3: Other further subheadings that can be able to create additional context within H2 sections. They will be able to improve readability and clarify the hierarchy of information on the page.

5. URL Structure

URL Structure
URL Structure

Sure! URL structure involves creating user-friendly and descriptive URLs for your website’s pages. When there is a well-structured URL, it will help search engines to understand the content of your page but it will also improve the user experience. It needs to ideally include relevant keywords that are concise, and it uses hyphens to separate words. By optimizing for URL structure, you can improve your site’s visibility in search engine results which makes it easier for users to navigate.

6. Content Optimization

Content optimization focuses on crafting high-quality, and relevant content that resonates with both users and search engines. It can strategically integrate targeted keywords that are natural throughout the content.

You can optimize meta tags like title and description. This is to ensure readability and user engagement. By optimizing your content, your websites can improve their search engine rankings, attract more organic traffic, and provide valuable information to their audience.

7. Internal Linking

Internal Linking
Internal Linking

Internal linking means that you need to strategically link pages within your website to each other. By doing so, you can create a network of interconnected content that helps search engines understand the structure and hierarchy of your site. Internal linking distributes link equity and page authority throughout your site, boosting the visibility and ranking of important pages.

It will improve user experience by guiding visitors to relevant content, reducing bounce rates, and increasing time spent on your site. More importantly, internal linking is a powerful SEO tactic that improves both search engine visibility and user engagement.

8. External Linking

External linking, an integral aspect of on-page SEO, involves linking from your website to other relevant and authoritative websites. By including external links, you provide additional value to your readers by directing them to high-quality resources that further enhance their understanding of the topic. Moreover, search engines perceive websites with outbound links to reputable sources as more credible and informative, which can positively impact your site’s ranking.

However, it’s essential to ensure that the external links you include are relevant to your content and add value to the user experience. Additionally, using descriptive anchor text for external links can help search engines better understand the context and relevance of your content.

9. Image Optimization

 Image optimization is a crucial aspect of on-page SEO aimed at enhancing the performance and visibility of images on a website. It involves compressing image files so that they reduce their size without compromising quality, adding descriptive alt text to images for better accessibility and search engine indexing, and optimizing filenames to include relevant keywords.

By implementing image optimization techniques, websites can improve page load times, enhance user experience, and potentially increase organic traffic through image search results. 

Technical SEO

Technical SEO focuses on optimizing the technical aspects of a website to improve its search engine visibility and user experience. It involves activities such as ensuring fast loading times, mobile-friendliness, proper indexing, and site security. Technical SEO helps search engines crawl, index, and understand a website more effectively, leading to improved rankings and increased organic traffic.

1. Mobile Friendliness

Mobile Friendliness
Mobile Friendliness

Mobile-friendliness ensures that a website is accessible and user-friendly on mobile devices. With the high usage of smartphones and tablets, Google has mobile-friendly websites as one of the major factors for high search results. By optimizing for mobile, your websites can improve any user experience, it will decrease bounce rates, and can ultimately attract more organic traffic. This will also include responsive design, fast loading times, easy navigation, and mobile-friendly content layout. 

2. Page Speed

Page Speed
Page Speed

Page speed refers to how quickly a web page loads for users. Fast-loading pages will lead to lower bounce rates, higher user engagement, and most importantly improved conversion rates. To improve page speed, you can optimize images, minify CSS and JavaScript files, utilize browser caching, and you need to choose a quality hosting provider. 

3. Schema Markup

Schema Markup
Schema Markup

Schema markup is a form of structured data that webmasters can add to their HTML to help search engines better understand the content on their web pages. It includes search engines that have extra context about the content, which will enhance search results like rich snippets, knowledge graphs, and other visual enhancements in the search engine results pages (SERPs). Once you add schema markup, websites will improve their visibility, click-through rates, and general SEO performance.

4. XML Sitemap

  An XML sitemap is a file that lists all the pages on your website so that it will help search engines understand its structure and content. This is an important aspect of technical SEO to ensure that search engines can crawl and index all the important pages on a site efficiently.

By providing a roadmap for search engine bots, XML sitemaps will improve a site’s visibility and ranking in search engine results pages (SERPs). More importantly, XML sitemaps include metadata about each page like when it was last updated or how important it is relative to other pages on the site. All these attributes help search engines to prioritize crawling and indexing efforts. 

5. Robots.txt

website robots.txt
website robots.txt

 Robots.txt is a text file that is utilized by websites to instruct search engine crawlers on how to crawl and index their pages. It is a technical SEO that could also serve as a communication tool between the website and search engines. By specifying which pages or directories should or shouldn’t be crawled, webmasters can control how search engines access their content.

This is to prevent some pages from being indexed, you can protect sensitive information, and optimize the crawl budget. Once you configure Robots.txt, it will ensure that search engines can focus on crawling and indexing the most important pages of your website, and through this, it will improve the overall search engine visibility and performance.



HTTPS (Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure) is a vital aspect of technical SEO that ensures secure communication between a user’s web browser and a website’s server. This will encrypt data that are transmitted between the two, protecting sensitive information like login credentials, payment details, and personal information from potential hackers and eavesdroppers. 

From an SEO standpoint, having HTTPS implemented on a website is very important and it implies that search engines like Google prioritize to secure websites in their rankings. Sites without HTTPS may receive lower rankings and be marked as “Not Secure” in browsers. This can deter visitors and negatively impact trust and credibility. Therefore, migrating to HTTPS will enhance the security of your website and it will improve your search engine visibility and user confidence. 

7. 404 Errors

404 Error
404 Error

404 errors indicate that a requested webpage could not be found on the server. They sometimes occur when a user tries to access a page that no longer exists or has been moved without proper redirection. A custom 404 error page helps retain visitors by showing them some useful and helpful information and navigation options thus reducing bounce rates. Monitoring and fixing 404 errors in an instant is very important for maintaining a positive user experience and preserving search engine rankings.

8. Breadcrumbs

 Breadcrumbs are a navigational aid displayed on websites to show any users on your website that there is a hierarchical structure and their current location within it. In terms of technical SEO, breadcrumbs assist search engines in understanding the site’s structure and improve crawl ability and indexation.

By implementing breadcrumbs with schema markup, your website can enhance its appearance in search results and it will also assist users with a clearer understanding of site structure and content organization. 

Off-Page SEO

Off-page SEO refers to activities carried out outside of a website to improve its search engine rankings and increase its visibility. This primarily involves acquiring backlinks from other reputable websites, as well as leveraging social media and other external platforms to promote the website’s content.

Off-page SEO signals, such as backlinks and social signals, help search engines assess the authority, relevance, and trustworthiness of a website, ultimately contributing to higher rankings in search engine results pages (SERPs).

Backlink building involves acquiring links from other reputable websites back to your own. These links can act as endorsements that signal the search engines that your site is credible and authoritative. Backlinks can make an impact on your site’s search engine ranking, as they are considered one of the top ranking factors.

It is very essential to focus on quality over quantity, you can acquire links from relevant and trustworthy sources within your industry or niche. Effective backlink-building strategies have to do with guest blogging, influencer outreach, and creating valuable content that naturally attracts links from other sites.

2. Social Signals

Social Signal
Social Signal

Social signals simply mean the metrics related to a website’s presence and activity on social media platforms. As part of off-page SEO, social signals will play a role in influencing a website’s search engine ranking. When content from a website is shared, liked, commented on, or otherwise engaged with on social media platforms like Facebook, Twitter, or LinkedIn, it will be able to indicate to the search engines that the content is valuable and relevant to users.

This engagement can lead to increased visibility, and traffic, and can ultimately, improve search engine rankings. As a result, adding social media to your SEO strategy will assist you in amplifying your online presence and enhance your website’s authority and credibility overall. 

3. Local SEO (if applicable)

Local SEO
Local SEO

Local SEO emphasizes optimizing a website to increase its visibility in local search results, especially for users searching for products or services in a specific geographic area. It has to do with optimizing your website’s content, meta tags, and technical aspects so that you can target local keywords and attract nearby customers. Also, managing online reviews, maintaining consistent NAP (Name, Address, Phone) information across directories, and optimizing Google My Business listing are all part of the important and essential components of local SEO. 

Monitoring and Analytics

Monitoring and analytics in the context of SEO involve tracking and analyzing various metrics to evaluate the performance and effectiveness of your website’s optimization efforts. This process includes using tools like Google Analytics and Google Search Console to monitor key metrics such as website traffic, user behavior, keyword rankings, and conversion rates.

By regularly analyzing this data, website owners can identify areas for improvement, track the success of SEO strategies, and make informed decisions to optimize their websites further. Monitoring and analytics play a crucial role in refining SEO tactics to enhance visibility, attract more organic traffic, and achieve business objectives.

1. Google Analytics

Google Analytics
Google Analytics

Google Analytics is a powerful tool for monitoring and analyzing website traffic. It can provide all types of valuable insights into how users interact with your site like where they come from, what they do on your site, and whether they convert into customers or take desired actions.

With Google Analytics, you can be able to track key metrics like traffic sources, bounce rate, page views, conversions, and more. By understanding all user behavior and website performance, you can be able to make informed decisions to optimize your site and improve its effectiveness in reaching your business goals.

2. Google Search Console

Google Search Console
Google Search Console

Google Search Console provides valuable insights into how Google sees and interacts with your site, and it will help you to optimize your visibility and performance. With Google Search Console, you can simply monitor some important metrics like indexing status, search queries, clicks, impressions, and click-through rates. Also, it can alert you to any indexing issues or errors that may affect your site’s visibility in search results so it also allows you to address them promptly.

How to use our SEO checklist


What is SEO

SEO or Search Engine Optimization is the process of optimizing your website to improve your visibility and ranking on search engine results pages (SERPs) for specific keywords or phrases. The goal of SEO is to increase organic (which is also non-paid) traffic to your website by ensuring it appears higher in search results when users search for relevant terms.

Importance of SEO

SEO is crucial for several reasons, particularly for businesses and website owners looking to increase their online visibility and attract more visitors. Here are the key reasons why SEO is important:

1. Increased Organic Traffic: SEO helps improve your website’s visibility in any type of search engine results pages (SERPs). Know that higher rankings always lead to more clicks and more visitors to your website which provides a steady stream of organic traffic.
2. Cost-Effective Marketing: Compared to paid advertising, SEO is a cost-effective digital marketing strategy. Once your website can rank higher for some specific keywords, you can be able to maintain that position with ongoing optimization, without paying for each click.
3. Builds Credibility and Trust: Websites that have higher ranking power in search results are often perceived as more credible and trustworthy by many users. Good SEO practices have to do with optimizing for user experience, creating high-quality content, and earning backlinks from reputable sites, which all of together enhance your site’s authority.
4. Better User Experience: SEO has to do with improving various aspects of your site like page load speed, mobile-friendliness, and navigation, all of which can enhance the overall user experience. A strong user experience can lead to higher engagement, lower bounce rates, and increased conversions.
5. Targeted Traffic: SEO makes sure that you are expected to target specific keywords and phrases that are relevant to your business, attracting visitors who are actively searching for the products or services you offer. This means that the traffic you are getting is more likely to convert into customers.

What is the difference between on-page SEO and off-page SEO?

On-page SEO involves optimizing elements within your website, such as content, HTML tags, and site architecture, to improve search engine rankings and user experience. Off-page SEO focuses on external factors, primarily acquiring backlinks from other reputable websites, social media engagement, and other external signals that demonstrate the site’s authority and relevance.

How often should I update my SEO strategy?

SEO is an ongoing process that requires regular updates. You should review and update your SEO strategy at least quarterly to account for changes in search engine algorithms, evolving industry trends, and shifts in user behavior. Continuous monitoring and adjustment ensure your website remains competitive in search engine rankings.

What are long-tail keywords and why are they important?

Long-tail keywords are longer and more specific keyword phrases that visitors are more likely to use when they are closer to a point of purchase or when using voice search. They are important because they often have lower competition, making it easier to rank for them, and they attract more targeted and higher-converting traffic.


By following this comprehensive SEO checklist, you can effectively optimize your website to improve its search engine ranking and attract more organic traffic. Implementing these strategies will not only enhance your visibility on search engines but also provide a better user experience, build credibility, and drive targeted traffic to your site. Stay ahead of the competition and ensure your website is fully optimized in 2024 and beyond.

Ready to take your SEO game to the next level? Download our Free SEO Checklist Template for 2024 to get started today! This easy-to-use template will guide you through each step of the optimization process, ensuring you don’t miss any crucial elements. Click the link to access your free template and start improving your website’s performance now!

About the author

Afenuvon Gbenga

Meet Afenuvon Gbenga, a full-time blogger, YouTuber, ICT specialist, tech researcher, publisher, and an experienced professional in e-commerce and affiliate marketing. Are you eager to kickstart your online business, then you're in the right place. Join us at techwithgbenga.com, where you'll uncover the insider secrets to starting and scaling a successful online business from the best!

Before blogging which started as a side project in 2019, Gbenga successfully led a digital marketing team for a prominent e-commerce startup. His expertise also extends to evaluating and recommending top-notch software solutions to boost your online business.

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Afenuvon Gbenga

Meet Afenuvon Gbenga, a full-time blogger, YouTuber, ICT specialist, tech researcher, publisher, and an experienced professional in e-commerce and affiliate marketing. Are you eager to kickstart your online business, then you're in the right place. Join us at techwithgbenga.com, where you'll uncover the insider secrets to starting and scaling a successful online business from the best...

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